Buying a Mobility Scooter? Learn About These Types

Mobility scooters (also referred to as travel scooters, mobile scooters, or simply scooters) are designed for those people who cannot use a manual wheelchair. This includes people with mobility issues and seniors living in retirement homes, assisted living, or at home.

Most mobility scooters feature three or four wheels and a battery and may be used inside and outside the house. The majority of mobility scooters are foldable or compact, while others can be readily disassembled into a few parts.

Typically, a key is needed to start a mobility scooter; otherwise, the scooter will not move. This makes it safe and secure to leave the electric scooter outside a building or store and prohibits unauthorized use. Scooters for the disabled offer a freewheel mode that enables movement without turning the scooter on. This facilitates storing and moving your electric scooter and can help when the batteries need to be charged and it needs to be moved.

The tiller, which resembles a bicycle or motorcycle handlebar, is used to control these scooters. Depending on the model, the tiller is typically adjustable and can frequently be lowered for transit. Driving a mobility scooter involves pressing or pulling a lever with the thumb or fingers. This control, known as a "wig wag," operates according to the "see-saw" theory. Pushing the forward lever corresponds to pushing the reverse lever and vice versa.

As with a bicycle brake, some types are operated by pressing the lever, while others are operated by drawing the lever with the fingers. You may use the same hand to accelerate and reverse with a delta handlebar. Some kinds of handicapped scooters come with this as standard equipment, while others let you add it as an additional.

Mobility scooters are easy to operate and shouldn't be intimidating. Despite the wide range of models and types available, they all function in essentially the same way. They differ in the number of wheels, the top speed, and the size of the handicapped scooter.

Types of Mobility Scooters

Travel/portable scooters, three-wheel scooters, and four-wheel scooters are the three primary categories of mobility scooters.

Portable Scooters

Travel scooters, often called portable scooters, typically fit into a car trunk or as checked baggage at an airport. They have three or four wheels and are small, foldable, or can be disassembled into pieces. Compared to full-sized three- or four-wheel scooters, these are typically lighter. Compared to full-sized scooters, folding scooter seats are smaller in size and feature less padding.

Three-wheel Mobility Scooters

Mobility scooters with three wheels are full-sized devices with a small turning radius, making them easier to control and operate indoors than those with four wheels. They may not be safe to operate on uneven terrains, such as sidewalks, as they are less steady than four-wheel scooters. They are suitable for use at home and in malls. To prevent tipping, exercise caution when transferring, and move slowly when turning.

Four-wheel Mobility Scooters

Full-size mobility scooters with four wheels are much more stable than those with three wheels, especially on ascending hills or ramps. Tipping is comparatively low risk with these scooters. They have a bigger turning radius and can maneuver over uneven ground and hills, making them ideal for outdoor use. Large, pneumatic wheels and suspension systems (standard on most full-sized mobility scooters) make difficult terrain travel even more comfortable.

Heavy-duty Mobility Scooters

Heavy-duty scooters, which can typically hold up to about 500–550 lbs., are an alternate option to full-size mobility scooters and offer larger weight capacities. Heavy-duty scooters often have a stronger motor, a broader and sturdier base, greater ground clearance, and bigger tires than full-size scooters. Heavy-duty scooters might have three or four wheels, just like regular scooters. Rougher, bumpier terrain is better suited for heavy-duty scooters. Off-road scooters, often called all-terrain scooters, are a kind of heavy-duty scooters made especially for outdoor activities on rough surfaces, including sand, trails, mud, and grass.

How Do Mobility Scooters Work?

The T-shaped columns or Trillers steer, straighten, and turn the front wheels towards the left and right. The tiller may also hold additional controls, such as speed, forward and reverse motion, and turning signals. Instead of T-shaped handles, delta tillers have wraparound handles, allowing for more adaptable hand and wrist postures. Delta tillers work best for those with weak hands or limited hand dexterity.

Features of Mobility Scooters

1.      Seats

Most scooter seats swivel to make it easier for the user to get on and off. This allows the user's knees to rest at a convenient 90-degree angle while they raise or lower the seat. The most comfortable and supportive seats are captain's chairs. They frequently have headrests, curved seats and backrests and additional padding. Compared to mobility scooters that are fully grown, travel scooter seats are smaller and less padded.

2.      Suspension

In particular, while navigating bumps, uneven terrain, or rough surfaces, scooters featuring suspension systems provide a more comfortable ride. The majority of full-sized, three- and four-wheel scooters come with suspension. Some portable or travel scooters offer suspension.

3.      Wheels

Mobility scooter wheels have three primary categories: pneumatic, foam-filled, and solid. The majority of portable/travel scooters have sturdy wheels. In contrast to pneumatic wheels, solid and foam-filled wheels are sturdier and will never run flat; the side effect of these wheels is that the ride is typically rougher. Foam-filled wheels have greater shock absorption than solid tires, which results in a significantly smoother ride. Pneumatic wheels are standard in full-sized and all-terrain scooters. The smoothest ride is provided by pneumatic wheels, which are air-filled (like those on cars) and subject to flats.

4.      Storage space

Although they occasionally include pockets or other storage areas, mobility scooters typically feature a basket. Some scooters without a built-in basket might support one as an add-on component.


A mobility scooter is an ideal gadget for people with restricted mobility who don't want to give up their independence. Proper model selection is essential to get the most usability and satisfaction out of your experience.

At Fatima Mobility, there are several different mobility scooters available for purchase. You can see which model best suits your lifestyle by understanding the key features and outlining your goals. As a reminder, there are indoor and outdoor options for mobility scooters, as well as a variety of accessories that either improve comfort or boost performance.